Reflections of Coaches' Behaviours on Athletes and Teams in the Scope of Fair Play

Abstract views: 239 / PDF downloads: 97


  • İlyas GÖRGÜT Kütahya Dumlupınar University Sport Science Faculty



Coach behaviour, fair play, Athlete, team, reflection


It was aimed to determine the athletes' views on coaching behaviours within the scope of fair play with this research. The study was prepared with qualitative research method and phenomenology design was preferred from qualitative research designs. The sampling group of the study consists of 12 athletes determined by the easily accessible case sampling method, one of the purposeful sampling methods. Individual interviews were conducted with the athletes within the scope of semi-structured interview technique lasting an average of 20 minutes. The participants were informed that the interview would be recorded and then the records would be transcribed, the necessary permissions were obtained, and in this way, interviews were conducted by creating a suitable environment for the interviews. Descriptive and content analysis methods were applied to the transcribed participant statements. As a result of the analyses, the athletes stated that the coach's fair play approach and behaviour in accordance with fair play will contribute to the communication within the team and the training environment with a positive atmosphere, that different results will occur if the coach provides equality or does not provide equality between the athletes in terms of athlete performance and that they are in intensive communication within the scope of team integration, creating a family environment and socialisation for their friends who have problems. The fact that those who have duties within the scope of regulating and implementing sports activities establish environments that encourage and improve the behaviours of coaches and athletes within the scope of fair play and supervise the display of the demanded actions will ensure that sportive activities are carried out fairly and in line with the objectives.


Bjørkly, S. (2007). Soccer players' perceptions of their coping strategies: a screening evaluation before and after a sport psychology service delivery. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 38(2), 207-226.

Brounstein, M. (2014). Ten Qualities of an Effective Team Player. 14.08.2023 tarihinde adresinden erişilmiştir.

Carron, A.V., Brawley, L.R. & Widmeyer, W.N. (1998). The measurement of cohesiveness insport groups. In: Duda JL, ed. Advances in sport and exercise psychology measurement. WV: Fitness Information Technology, Morgantown, USA.

Creswel, J. W. (2018). Qualitative ınquiry & esearch design choosing among five approach. SAGE Publications, Inc.: California

Damásio, L., & Serpa, S. (2000). O treinador no desporto infanto-juvenil. Revista Treino Desportivo, 3, 41-44.

De Backer, M., Boen, F., Ceux, T., De Cuyper, B., Høigaard, R., Callens, F., & Broek, G. V. (2011). Do perceived justice and need support of the coach predict team identification and cohesion? Testing their relative importance among top volleyball and handball players in Belgium and Norway. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 12(2), 192-201.

De Backer, M., Boen, F., De Cuyper, B., Høigaard, R., & Vande Broek, G. (2015). A team fares well with a fair coach: Predictors of social loafing in interactive female sport teams. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 25(6), 897-908.

Frey, J. H., & Eitzen, D. S. (1991). Sport and society. Annual review of sociology, 17(1), 503-522.

Hardman, A., Jones, C., & Jones, R. (2010). Sports coaching, virtue ethics and emulation. Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, 15(4), 345-359.

Horn, T. S. (2008). Coaching effectiveness in the sport domain. In T. S. Horn (Ed.), Advances in sport psychology. Human Kinetics: USA.

Jordan, J. S., Gillentine, J. A., & Hunt, B. P. (2004). The influence of fairness: the application of organizational justice in a team sport setting. International Sports Journal, 8(1), 139-149.

LeCouteur, A., & Feo, R. (2011). Real-time communication during play: Analysis of team-mates’ talk and interaction. Psychology of sport and exercise, 12(2), 124-134.

Lee, M., Whitehead, J., and Ntoumanis, N. (2007). Development of the attitudes to moral decision-making in youth sport questionnaire (AMDYSQ-1). Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 8, 369-392.

Liu, W., & Xiang, S. (2020). The effect of leaders’ coaching behaviors on employee learning orientation: A regulatory focus perspective. Frontiers in Psychology, 11, 1-15.

Ludwiczak, M., & Bronikowska, M. (2022). Fair Play in a context of physical education and sports behaviours. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19(4), 2452.

Palou, P., Bermejo, J.M., Borràs, P.A. & Ponseti, F.J. (2020). Effects of an educational intervention regarding fair play on sports team coaches. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 15(2), 419-431.

Ponseti Verdaguer, F. J., Cantallops, J., Borràs Rotger, P. A., & Garcia Mas, A. (2017). Does cheating and gamesmanship to be reconsidered regarding fair-play in grassroots sports?. Revista de psicología del deporte, 26(3), 28-32.

Short, S. E., & Short, M. W. (2005). Essay: Role of the coach in the coach-athlete relationship. The Lancet, 366, S29-S30.

Smith, A. L. (2016). Coach behaviors and goal motives as predictors of attainment and well-being in sport. In Sport and exercise psychology research. Academic Press.

Yıldırım, A., & Şimşek, H. (2013). Sosyal bilimlerde nitel araştırma yöntemleri. (9. Genişletilmiş Baskı) Ankara: Seçkin Yayıncılık.

Elektronik kaynaklar (2023). 13. 07. 2023 tarihinde 7 Core Responsibilities of Sport Coaches: The Revision of the National Standards adresinden erişilmiştir.

Institute of Coaching. (2023). Benefits of Coaching. 13. 07. 2023 tarihinde adresinden erişilmiştir. (2023a). How to become a sports coach (ıncludes average salary and job outlook). 13. 07. 2023 adresinden erişilmiştir. (2023b). 11 coaching in the workplace examples. 13. 07. 2023 erişilmiştir. (2023). What ıs coaching in the workplace and why ıs ıt ımportant?13.07.2023 tarihinde adresinden erişilmişitr.



How to Cite

GÖRGÜT, İlyas. (2023). Reflections of Coaches’ Behaviours on Athletes and Teams in the Scope of Fair Play . International Journal of Holistic Health, Sports and Recreation, 2(2), 1–13.